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Browse our investment glossary and get clear on key 1031 exchange, tax, financial, and investment-related terms.

What is Cash-on-Cash? [Definition]

Cash-on-Cash An investment offering’s “cash-on-cash” (COC) is the cash income received by an investor in return for the cash invested. COC reflects an investment's net income after accounting for the cost of servicing the debt...Read More

What is Capitalization Rate? [Definition]

An investment offering's "cap rate" represents the annual net operating income received from an investment (prior to and excluding debt cost), divided by its purchase price or fair market value. Cap rate does not reflect the potential impact that financiRead More

What is a 1031 Exchange? [Definition]

1031 Exchange A “1031 exchange” allows an investor to defer the capital gains taxes that would otherwise be due on the sale of an investment property if an investment property of like kind is acquired under Internal Revenue Code (IRC)...Read More

What is Dynamic Scoring? [Definition]

Dynamic Scoring Proposed legislation that would impact revenue or spending must be analyzed and assigned a score that distills its fiscal impact into a single number. Some scoring methods attempt to forecast how the behavior of...Read More

What is Basis? [Definition]

A property's "basis" is the amount of capital that the IRS considers an owner to have in the property. In most cases, the basis of a property is its purchase price or its fair market value at the time it was acquired or inherited. Basis is used to ...Read More

What is 26 United States Code (U.S.C.)? [Definition]

26 United States Code (U.S.C.) Title 26 of the United States Code (U.S.C.) contains the Internal Revenue Code (IRC). The IRC is the principal body of domestic statutory tax laws enacted by the United States Congress. It is organized topically, and...Read More

What is a Sponsor? [Definition]

Sponsor A “Sponsor" is "any person who divides a single interest in the Property into multiple co-ownership interests for the purpose of offering those interests for sale" (Revenue Procedure 2002-22, section 4). Sponsors are...Read More

What is Total Yield? [Definition]

Total Yield “Total yield” may refer to slightly different aspects of an investment's return. For example, it may be used to describe the sum of the cash flow distributions and the payments on the principle of a loan (principal...Read More

What is Tenant-in-Common (TIC)? [Definition]

"Tenant-in-Common" (TIC) is a way of holding title to real estate in which each owner is deeded an undivided, fractional interest. Revenue Procedure 2002-22 increased the popularity of TIC investments by more-officially recognizing them as valid replacemRead More

What is a Revenue Ruling? [Definition]

Revenue Ruling A "Revenue Ruling” (Rev. Rul.) is a public declaration by the Internal Revenue Service that explains how the tax code applies to a particular situation. Revenue Rulings state the official position of the IRS, and can...Read More

What is Constructive Receipt? [Definition]

Constructive Receipt Gross income is constructively received when it is made available without substantial limitations (26 C.F.R. 1.451-2). This means that you don’t have to physically hold cash in your hands to be taxed. For example, if a...Read More

What is Total Sales Price? [Definition]

Total Sales Price A property’s “total sales price” is the amount the buyer paid to acquire it, including sales costs and any remaining debt on the property, whether it will be paid off with the proceeds immediately. This is the...Read More

What is Total Sales Cost? [Definition]

Total Sales Cost The “total sales cost” of a property includes all of the expenses incurred as a result of selling or relinquishing it. This includes property inspections, sales commissions, loan fees and escrow fees. Sales costs may be...Read More

What is Total Revenue? [Definition]

Total Revenue A company's’ “total revenue” comprises all money actually received during a specified period. It accounts for discounts and returns, as well as any interest or dividends derived from investments or other activity...Read More

What is Original Purchase Price? [Definition]

Original Purchase Price A property’s “original purchase price” is the amount the owner paid to acquire it. This is the starting line for calculating the basis of a property.[Click here for more investing terms.]Read More

What is Total Return? [Definition]

Total Return The “total return” of an investment, or pool of investments, is the sum of all categories of return to an investor, including any income, principal reduction, and capital gains. Total return may be expressed as a total or...Read More

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